APPENDIX O

A-B SCALE


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This scale is an abridgment of Rotter's I-E Scale (Rotter, 1966), which measures the tendency of the individual to perceive events as contingent on his own behavior or independent of it (i.e., contingent upon forces external to him).


Here are six sets of statements. For each set please tell me which comes closer to being true, in your opinion. There are no right or wrong answers -- just pick one statement in each set that comes closest to how you feel.

A. First --

Without the right breaks one cannot be an effective leader.
1
- or that -
Capable people who fail to become leaders have not taken advantage of their opportunities.
2

B. Next, which comes closest to your opinion -

Becoming a success is a matter of hard work, luck has little or nothing to do with it.
1
- or that -
Getting a good job depends mainly on being in the right place at the right time.
2

C. Which comes closest to your opinion -

Who gets to be the boss often depends on who was lucky enough to be in the right place first.
1
- or that -
Getting people to do the right thing depends upon ability, luck has little or nothing to do with it.
2

D. Which comes closest to your opinion -

As far as world affairs are concerned, most of us are victims of forces we can neither understand nor control.
1
- or that -
By taking an activepart in political and social affairs the people can control world events.
2

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A-B SCALE (cont'd)

E. Next,

Most people don't realize the extent to which their lives are controlled by accidental happenings.
1
- or that -
There really is no such thing as "luck."
2

F. Finally,

Many times I feel that I have little influence over things that happen to me.
1
- or that -
It is impossible for me to believe that chance or luck plays an important role in my life.
2

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INSTRUCTIONS FOR THE A-B SCALE

Each item consists of a pair of statements lettered a or b. For each set, circle the letter which stands for the one which comes closer to being true, in your opinion. There are no right or wrong answers -- just pick one statement in each set that comes closest to how you feel.

  a     b     1.     a)   Children get into trouble because their parents punish them too much.
    b)  The trouble with most children nowadays is that their parents are too easy with them.
 
  a     b     2.     a)   In the long run people get the respect they deserve in this world.
    b)  Unfortunately, an individualís worth often passes unrecognized no matter how hard he tries.
 
  a     b     3.     a)   Without the right breaks one cannot be an effective leader.
    b)  Capable people who fail to become leaders have not taken advantage of their opportunities.
 
  a     b     4.     a)   Becoming a success is a matter of hard work, luck has little or nothing to do with it.
    b)  Getting a good job depends mainly on being in the right place at the right time.
 
  a     b     5.     a)   When I make plans, I am almost certain that I can make them work.
    b)  It is not always wise to plan too far ahead because many things turn out to be a matter of good or bad fortune anyhow.
 
  a     b     6.     a)   In my case getting what I want has little or nothing to do with luck.
    b)  Many times we might just as well decide what to do by flipping a coin.
 
  a     b     7.     a)   Who gets to be the boss often depends on who was lucky enough to be in the right place first.
    b)  Getting people to do the right thing depends upon ability, luck has little or nothing to do with it.
 
  a     b     8.     a)   As far as world affairs are concerned, most of us are the victims of forces we can neither understand, nor control.
    b)  By taking an active part in political and social affairs the people can control world events.

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  a     b     9.     a)   Most people don't realize the extent to which their lives are controlled by accidental happenings.
    b)  There really is no such thing as "luck."
 
  a     b     10.     a)   It is hard to know whether or not a person really likes you.
    b)  How many friends you have depends upon how nice a person you are.
 
  a     b     11.     a)   A good leader expects people to decide for themselves what they should do.
    b)  A good leader makes it clear to everybody what their jobs are.
 
  a     b     12.     a)   Many times I feel that I have little influence over the things that happen to me.
    b)  It is impossible for me to believe that chance or luck plays an important role in my life.

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